The concept of intellectual property is not very familiar to many people. It is governed by copyright law in the Czech Republic. We often come into contact with it unconsciously, especially when listening to music, reading books, watching movies or taking photographs. However, it is very easy for people to resort to unauthorized actions, especially when unauthorized downloading and using files from the Internet, which can be quite expensive. “Copyright infringement is a criminal offense punishable by a fine of up to 150,000 crowns. In the most serious cases, such a violation can also result in the signs of a crime,” warns lawyer Jiří Knotek. In his words, for example, the injured author may claim damages in court. “If an author does not reach an out-of-court settlement with a person who has unlawfully infringed his copyright, he can file a lawsuit and assert his rights in court,” Knotek adds. Another possibility is the assertion of damages in criminal proceedings.
You can download music from countless websites for free today. The fact that the recording is offered free of charge should be a warning sign. “Illegaly downloading music from the Internet that infringes copyright often takes place when downloading files via torrents and public repositories,” Knotek said. For this reason, it is the safest and most practical way to use the services of one of the many applications that offer tens of millions of songs. For a monthly fee of CZK 100, you can enjoy unlimited music recordings on both your computer and your mobile phone and other mobile phones. Users can listen to songs online or download music and enjoy it without an Internet connection. The most popular music applications today are Spotify, Deezer, Apple Music and Google Play. After a few minutes of registration and payment, users can enjoy high-quality music recordings. In this way, music enthusiasts also avoid possible copyright infringements.
The copyright also applies to a photo. And it doesn’t matter what kind of picture it is or what was photographed. Every photo placed in the imaginary space of the Internet has its creator and is connected with the aforementioned law. After downloading the picture, its further use is important for copyright – whether for private or commercial purposes. “The copyright does not affect the person who uses the downloaded photo for their personal use,” says Knotek. His words are confirmed by Andre Beurskens of C Art Studio, who focuses on the production and distribution of photo tiles. “People who want to use a photo downloaded from the Internet to cover the bathroom or wall in their living room have to deal with copyrights when photocopying,” Beurskens comments. However, for companies that combine photographs with their products or services, the opposite is true. “Such use of the image is already profitable and the law must be respected – that is, you must obtain permission from the author,” Beurskens adds, saying that the solution is to use photo databases where the license to use is already included, not only in terms of downloads and normal use, but also in the commercial sector. The best known photo providers in this field are Shutterstock, 123RF, Depositphotos, Dreamstime and Fotolia.
The new platform that is popular and used by readers today is the e-book. It can replace printed books. Basically, it is a data file with the same content as a paper copy. It can be read on a laptop, a mobile device, a computer or with a special reader. Proponents of this new edition of the book editions praise the possibility of buying over the Internet if they have a literary work on their tablet in a few minutes and can start reading. Note, however, that these books are also copyrighted. Therefore, people should be law-abiding and dealing with purchases by buying e-books in online bookstores instead of illegally downloading them. However, the fact that the content is in electronic form does not necessarily restrict the new owner. The book can be printed easily, but only for your own use. The printout should not be distributed by the owner. The same applies to the electronic version. Of course, passing on a purchased e-book to a third party is also illegal. Even in the age of new technologies, readers must remember the rules associated with them.
Source: msn.com 18 April 2019. You can find the press article here.